Single Core 12 Gauge Wire

  • According to UL
  • Approved by UL
  • Place of Origin: Henan, China
  • Packing: 100 Meters, 200Meters, 3o0 Meters, 610 Meters
  • Number of Cores: 1
  • MOQ: 1000 Meters
  • HS Code:8544492900

12 gauge wire refers to a specific thickness of wire used for various electrical applications. 12 gauge cable is commonly used for wiring circuits in homes, as well as for other electrical projects. The conductor is tinned copper. The gauge number is inversely related to the thickness of the wire, meaning that the lower the gauge number, the thicker the wire. In the case of 12 gauge wire speaker, it is relatively thick and can handle a higher amount of electrical current compared to thinner wires.

12 AWG Hook Up Wire Specification:

  • Voltage Rating: 300V
  • Conductor: Plain annealed copper Class 5
  • Insulation Types: PVC, XLPE, FEP, PTFE
  • Sheath Color: Black, Red, Blue, Yellow, Green
  • Test Voltage: 3KV/5Min
  • Temperature Range: Min -40°C to Max 260°C

FAQ about 12 gauge wire

12-gauge wire is typically rated up to 20 amps for short-distance power transmission, but this rating varies depending on the type of insulation and installation conditions. For example, wires bundled together or enclosed in conduit can’t dissipate heat as effectively as wires in free air, thus potentially lowering their ampacity.

When comparing 14 gauge wire to 12 gauge wire, it’s important to understand their differences in characteristics and appropriate uses. Here’s a breakdown:

  1. Diameter and Cross-sectional Area:
    • 14 AWGWire: It has a smaller diameter than 12 gauge wire. This results in a smaller cross-sectional area.
    • 12 Gauge Copper Wire: It is thicker with a larger diameter and cross-sectional area compared to 14 gauge wire.
  2. Current Carrying Capacity (Ampacity):
    • 14 Gauge Wire: Typically rated for up to 15 amps. Suitable for light fixtures and general room outlets in residential buildings.
    • 12 Gauge solid Wire: Generally rated for up to 20 amps. Often used for kitchen, bathroom, and outdoor receptacles where higher current devices are common.
  3. Resistance and Voltage Drop:
    • 14 Gauge Cable: Has higher electrical resistance than 12 gauge, leading to a greater voltage drop over long distances.
    • 12 Gauge Strand Wire: Lower resistance compared to 14 gauge, which means less voltage drop over the same distance. Better for maintaining voltage stability in longer runs.
  4. Applications:
    • 14 AWG Cable: Commonly used in residential lighting circuits and in areas with lower power requirements.
    • 12 Gauge Cable: Preferred for circuits feeding appliances and areas with higher power demands, such as kitchens, laundry rooms, and outdoor sockets.
  5. Flexibility and Ease of Installation:
    • 14 Gauge Wire: More flexible and easier to manipulate due to its thinner profile. Easier to use in tight spaces.
    • 12 Gauge Wire: Less flexible than 14 gauge. It can be a bit more challenging to work with, especially in confined spaces.
  6. Cost:
    • 14 Gauge Hook Up Wire: Generally less expensive than 12 gauge wire due to using less material.
    • 12 Gauge Hook Up Wire: More expensive due to its thicker size and greater material content.

The diameter of the 12 gauge electrical wire is approximately 0.08 inches or 2.05 mm, and its cross-sectional area is approximately 3.33 mm2 (0.005 in.2).

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