What are the common types of cables?

As a cable novice who want to understand some basic cable types, what is a good way to distinguish between them?
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Multifarious cables fill every aspect of our lives, and if you want to understand the types of cables, a simple and efficient approach is to categorize them by specific applications. Common cable types categorized by their usage include:

Bare wire: Usually a single conductor without any insulation or shielding, it is highly conductive and can be used for grounded or overhead power transmission.

Insulated Electrical Wire: These wires have an insulating layer, such as PVC or rubber, to prevent electrical contact and short circuits, and are used in various electrical applications, including power distribution and wiring.

Heat-resistant wire: Heat-resistant wire can withstand high temperatures without degrading or melting; commonly used in applications that require high-temperature resistance, such as ovens, furnaces, and industrial machinery.

Shielded Cable: Shielded cable has a shield (usually made of metal) around the insulated conductors, and this shielding protects against electromagnetic interference (EMI) or radio frequency interference (RFI). These cables are commonly used in data transmission and audio/video applications.

Electrical Cable: Used to transmit power from one place to another, power cables come in different sizes and materials depending on the voltage (high voltage, medium voltage, low voltage) and current requirements of the application.

Control Cable: Control cables usually consist of multiple conductors in a single cable and transmit control signals in industrial machinery, automation systems, and other applications requiring precise control.

Battery cable: It is an electrical conductor designed to connect a battery to an electrical system or device, facilitating the flow of electricity to start an engine, power various components, and charge the battery.

Communication Cable: Communication cables transmit data signals between devices and systems. These cables come in many forms, including Ethernet cables for computer networks, coaxial cables for TV and broadband, and fiber optic cables for high-speed data transmission in telecommunications.

Solar Cable: This is a specialized cable used in photovoltaic (PV) solar power systems. It is designed to safely transfer the DC power generated by solar panels to inverters and other components, ensuring efficient energy conversion and distribution in solar installations.

Radio Frequency (RF) Cable: RF cables are designed to transmit high-frequency signals while minimizing signal loss. Common applications include cable television, satellite communications, and wireless communication systems.

More: An Overview Of Electrical Cable Types: A Comprehensive Guide

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